TEDxBoulder – Thad Roberts – Visualizing Eleven Dimensions

TEDxBoulder – Thad Roberts – Visualizing Eleven Dimensions

Translator: Robert Tucker
Reviewer: Ariana Bleau Lugo Does anybody here happen to be interested
in other dimensions? (Applause) Alright. Well, thank you all
for your time… and your space. (Laughter) Good, I’m glad that one worked here. Alright. Imagine a world
whose inhabitants live and die believing only in the existence
of two spatial dimensions. A plane. These Flatlanders are going to see
some pretty strange things happen; things that are impossible to explain
within the constraints of their geometry. For example, imagine that one day,
some Flatlander scientists observe this: A set of colorful lights
that appear to randomly appear in different locations along the horizon. No matter how hard they try
to make sense of these lights, they’ll be unable to come up
with a theory that can explain them. Some of the more clever scientists might come up with a way
to probabilistically describe the flashes. For example, for every 4 seconds, there’s 11% chance that a red flash
will occur somewhere on the line. But no Flatlander will be able
to determine exactly when or where the next red light will be seen. As a consequence, they start to think that the world contains
a sense of indeterminacy, that the reason
these lights cannot be explained, is that at the fundamental level
nature just doesn’t make sense. Are they right?
Does the fact that they were forced to describe these lights probabilistically actually mean that
the world is indeterministic? The lesson we can learn from Flatland is that when we assume only
a portion of nature’s full geometry, deterministic events can appear
fundamentally indeterministic. However, when we expand our view and gain access
to the full geometry of the system, indeterminacy disappears. As you can see, we can now
determine exactly when and where the next red light
will be seen on this line. We are here tonight to consider the possibility
that we are like the Flatlanders. Because, as it turns out,
our world is riddled with mysteries that just don’t seem to fit inside
the geometric assumptions we have made. Mysteries like warped space-time,
black holes, quantum tunneling the constants of nature,
dark matter, dark energy, etc. The list is quite long. How do we respond to these mysteries? Well, we have two choices: We can either cling
to our previous assumptions, and invent new equations
that exist somehow outside of the metric, as a vague attempt
to explain what’s going on, or we could take a bolder step,
throw out our old assumptions, and construct a new blueprint for reality. One that already includes
those phenomena. It’s time to take that step. Because we are in the same situation
as the Flatlanders. The probabilistic nature
of quantum mechanics has our scientists believing that deep down,
the world is indeterminant. That the closer we look,
the more we will find that nature just doesn’t make sense. Hmm… Perhaps all of these mysteries
are actually telling us that there’s more to the picture. That nature has a richer geometry
than we have assumed. Maybe the mysterious phenomena
in our world could actually be explained
by a richer geometry, with more dimensions. This would mean that we are stuck
in our own version of Flatland. And if that’s the case,
how do we pop ourselves out? At least conceptually? Well, the first step is to make sure
that we know exactly what a dimension is. A good question to start with is: What is it about x, y and z
that makes them spatial dimensions? The answer is that a change in position
in one dimension does not imply a change in position
in the other dimensions. Dimensions are independent descriptors
of position. So z is a dimension because an object
can be holding still in x and y while it’s moving in Z. So, to suggest that
there are other spatial dimensions is to say that it must be possible
for an object to be holding still in x, y and z, yet still moving about
in some other spatial sense. But where might these
other dimensions be? To solve that mystery,
we need to make a fundamental adjustment to our geometric assumptions about space. We need to assume that space
is literally and physically quantized, that it’s made of interactive pieces. If space is quantized, then it cannot be infinitely divided
into smaller and smaller increments. Once we get down to a fundamental size, we cannot go any further and still be talking
about distances in space. Let’s consider an analogy: Imagine we have a chunk of pure gold that we mean to cut in half
over and over. We can entertain two questions here: How many times can we cut
what we have in half? and: How many times can we cut
what we have in half and still have gold? These are
two completely different questions, because once we get down
to one atom of gold, we cannot go any further without transcending
the definition of gold. If space is quantized,
then the same thing applies. We cannot talk about distances in space that are less than
the fundamental unit of space for the same reason
we cannot talk about amounts of gold that are less than 1 atom of gold. Quantizing space brings us
to a new geometric picture. One like this, where the collection of these pieces,
these quanta, come together to construct
the fabric of x, y and z. This geometry is eleven-dimensional. So if you’re seeing this, you already
got it. It’s not gonna be beyond you. We just need to make sense
of what’s going on. Notice that there are
three distinct types of volume and all volumes
are three-dimensional. Distance between any two points in space
becomes equal to the number of quanta that are instantaneously between them. The volume inside each quantum
is interspatial, and the volume that
the quanta move about in is superspatial. Notice how having perfect information
about x, y, z position, only enables us to identify
a single quantum of space. Also notice that it’s now possible
for an object to be moving about interspatially
or superspatially without changing
its x, y, z position at all. This means that
there are 9 independent ways for an object to move about. That makes 9 spatial dimensions. 3 dimensions of x, y, z volume,
3 dimensions of superspatial volume, and 3 dimensions of interspatial volume. Then we have time,
which can be defined as the whole number of resonations
experienced at each quantum. And super-time allows us to describe
their motion through super-space. OK, I know this is a whirlwind,
a lot faster than I’d like to do it, because there are so many details
we can go into. But there’s a significant advantage
to being able to describe space as a medium that can possess
density, distortions and ripples. For example, we can now describe
Einstein’s curved space-time without dimensionally
reducing the picture. Curvature is a change
in the density of these space quanta. The denser the quanta get,
the less they can freely resonate so they experience less time. And in the regions
of maximum density, and the quanta are all
packed completely together, like in black holes,
they experience no time. Gravity is simply the result
of an object traveling straight through curved space. Going straight through x, y, z space means both your left side
and your right side travel the same distance,
interact with the same number of quanta. So, when a density gradient
exists in space, the straight path is the one
that provides an equal spatial experience for all parts of a traveling object. OK, this is a really big deal. If you’ve ever looked at a graph
of Einstein curvature before, space-time curvature, you may have not noticed that one
of the dimensions was unlabeled. We assumed we took
a plane of our world and anytime there was mass in that plane
we’ll stretch it; if there was more mass,
we stretch it more, to show how much curvature there is. But what’s the direction
we’re stretching in? We got rid of the z dimension. We blow over that every single time
in our books. Here, we didn’t have to get rid
of the z dimension. We got to show curvature
in its full form. And this is a really big deal. Other mysteries
that pop out of this map, like quantum tunneling – Remember our Flatlanders? Well, they’ll see a red light appear
somewhere on the horizon and then it’ll disappear,
and as far as they’re concerned, it’s gone from the universe. But if a red light appears again
somewhere else on the line, they might call it quantum tunneling, The same way when we watch an electron, and then it disappears
from the fabric of space and reappears somewhere else,
and that somewhere else can actually be beyond the boundary that
it’s not supposed to be able to get beyond. OK? Can you use this picture now?
To solve that mystery? Can you see how the mysteries of our world
can transform into elegant aspects of our new geometric picture? All we have to do
to make sense of those mysteries is to change our geometric assumptions,
to quantize space. OK, this picture also
has something to say about where the constants
of nature come from; like the speed of light, Planck’s constant,
the gravitational constant and so on. Since all units of expression,
Newtons, Joules, Pascals, etc, can be reduced to five combinations of length, mass, time,
ampere and temperature, quantizing the fabric of space, means that those five expressions
must also come in quantized units. So, this gives us five numbers
that stem from our geometric map. Natural consequences of our map,
with units of one. There’s two other numbers in our map. Numbers that reflect
the limits of curvature. Pi can be used to represent
the minimum state of curvature, or zero curvature,
while a number we are calling zhe, can be used to represent
the maximum state of curvature. The reason we now have a maximum
is because we’ve quantized space. We can’t infinitely continue to go on. What do these numbers do for us? Well, this long list here
is the constants of nature, and if you’ve noticed, even though
they’re flying by pretty fast, they’re all made up of the five numbers that come from our geometry
and the two numbers that come from the limits of curvature. That’s a really big deal by the way,
to me it’s a really big deal. This means that the constants of nature come from the geometry of space; they’re necessary consequences
of the model. OK. This is a lot of fun
because there are so many punch lines, it’s hard to know exactly
who’s going to get caught where. But, this new map, allows us to explain gravity, in a way that’s
totally conceptual now, you get the whole picture in your head, black holes, quantum tunneling,
the constants of nature, and in case none of those
caught your fancy, or you’ve never heard
of any of them before, you’ve definitely just barely heard
about dark matter and dark energy. Those too are geometric consequences. Dark matter,
when we look at distant galaxies, and watch the stars
that orbit about in those galaxies, the stars out at the edges
are moving too fast, they seem to have extra gravity. How do we explain this?
Well, we couldn’t, so we say there must be some other matter there,
creating more gravity, making those effects.
But we can’t see the matter. So we call it dark matter. And we define
dark matter as something you can’t see! Which is fine, it’s a good step,
it’s a good start, but here in our model we didn’t have to
take that kind of a leap. We took a leap,
we said space is quantized, but everything else
fell out from that. Here, we’re saying,
space is made up of fundamental parts, just the same way we believe air
is made out of molecules. If that’s true,
then an automatic requirement is you can have changes in density,
this is where gravity comes from, but you should also have phase changes. And what stimulates a phase change? Well, temperature. When something gets cold enough,
its geometric arrangement will change, and it will change phase. A change in the density here,
at the outer regions of the galaxies, is going to cause
a gravitational field, because that’s what
gravitational fields are, they’re changes in density. OK? Totally skipped through all that. And now we’ll go to dark energy,
in 15 seconds. When we look out into the cosmos,
we see that distant light is red shifted, OK? That it loses some of its energy
as it’s traveling to us for billions of years. Now how do we explain
that red shift? Well, currently we say it means
the universe is expanding. OK? All of our claims that the universe
is expanding come from this, from measurements of how
the red shift changes, out of this distance
to this distance to that distance. OK? And also we measure
the expansion that way. But there’s another way
to explain red shift. Just like there’d be another way
to explain how if I had a tuning fork tuned to middle C, and I went in a tunnel
and you could hear… a B note. Sure, you could say it’s because
I’m moving away from you inside the tunnel, but it could also be because
the pressure of the atmosphere is decreasing while the sound
is traveling to your ear. Here, that seemed
a little far fetched because atmospheric pressure
doesn’t decrease fast, but when we’re talking billions of years
of light traveling through space, all we need are the quanta themselves to have a small amount of inelasticity
and red shift is imminent. Alright, there’s a lot more
to explore in this, because if you’re interested,
feel free to check out this website and give all the feedback you can. We’re out of time so let me just say,
that this blueprint gives us a mental tool, a tool that can expand
the reach of our imagination, and, maybe, even respark
the romanticism of Einstein’s quest. Thank you. (Applause)

Comments (100)

  1. I have a theory on multiple dimensions, if we, as 3rd dimensional beings wanted to let our presence known to 2d beings in a way that accurately shows us, we would project a 2d image of ourselves onto their plane. If a 2d being were to rotate around the image in a circle, and measure the distance between the edge of the projection, they should be able to visualize a 2d outline of our shape. Since this is a projection, depending on the intensity of the projection, they would be able to see through the projection. It would be transparent, like a hologram. If our projection was done using light, an electromagnetic wave, they would be able to measure this, or any other EM wave. It would be energy. If we apply this train of thought to the 3rd dimension, a 4th dimensional being could project a 3d image of themselves into the 3rd dimension. We could see through the image, and we could measure the electromagnetic radiation generated by the projection. This projection could move through 3rd dimensional objects and disappear at any moment. With enough EM energy it could move objects. What do we know of that fits all these characteristics? Ghosts. They check all of the boxes. Could they be a projection of a 4th dimensional creature trying to communicate in a way we can understand?

  2. 🌌11PM Apr 4 2019~

  3. why is he talking like that

  4. did anyone else go to the website and get some kind of app trying to install itself ?

  5. Um….sir you clearly do not understand the concept of dimensions. That is in no way 11 dimensions, you can't even remotely visually comprehend 11 dimensions, your brain cannot process the visuals of it. What he is describing is planar resonance….not at all 11 dimensions, not to mention he was even completely incorrect in that explanation. He also mislabeled quantum tunneling, what he was describing is spooky action, not quantum tunneling. Please go to college.

  6. Not sure why this is popping up in my news feed. I watch science content, not pseudoscientific nonsense. This guy hasn't published a paper in years but DOES have a book about this. He would have you think scientists all think one way about quantum mechanics and are overlooking this obvious and intuitive solution. They don't, and the universe had no obligation to be intuitive for us to understand. There's not some narrow minded adherence to three dimensions holding everyone but this guy back.

    If this theory had any merit then it would have a testable prediction to make.

  7. Socks with sandals only works in the 8th dimension….. Dummy….

  8. I’m sorry did I miss something in basic highschool chemistry? There are gold atoms?

  9. Flat Land?..oh no i think i hear this now a days except it’s call Flat Earth lol

  10. i still don’t get…i should of stayed in school.

  11. If you read the book by michio Kaku he mentions some of these concepts.

  12. Dude has some cool ideas but is not in the mainstream scientific community. In fact he went off the deep end. Likely a narcissist. Stole from NASA as a student intern. Did jail time. Strange story.

  13. So if this is correct, the three dimensions that we recognize as belonging to three-dimensional space simply get multiplied by three when we add in super special and interspatial spaces. Basically we have three different types of space all with three dimensions, which gives you nine dimensions, the 10th being time. The reason we can talk about different kinds of space in the quantum world but not in the every day world of objects is because in the quantum world quanta make up space itself.

  14. I think he was recently released from the prison dimension

  15. Flat Earth confirmed!

  16. So like, space has stars. And stars have a time limit? Nice

  17. I don’t understand what’s new about what he’s describing isn’t space already quantised (Planck length) and the Calabi Yau manifold already a concept of string theory

  18. Did he just imply that space isn't expanding?

  19. Cool. I can't imagine the 4th spatial dimension.

  20. 10:10 yes your Theory is right like your explaining everything informacijos basics.

  21. Hahah, I actually stopped the scrolling questions under MYSTERY and there's a looot of repetition there, man 😀 Tho, I'm not saying I'm not behind his thinking – I firmly believe Einstein's statement that God doesn't play dice.

  22. Maybe I'm missing something. At about 7:00. If you're going with this theory wouldnt the number of dimensions just infinitely increase by the third power? Why assume it stops at 9?

  23. Highly assumptive and conjectural.

  24. Some people are so smart, they have become idiots !!!

  25. Is he implying the fabric of gold is the same as the fabric of space? Deeply flawed argument there. Our definition of gold is not based on the same fundamental construct as our definition of space. Was digging the talk up to that point….

  26. lights are balance searching.. energy of its own ..

  27. Once we get to 6D there is no more order. The word higher and lower no longer exist. The 11th Dimension is tricky but once you are passed the hallway everything can be transparent.

  28. He even dont understand what he is speaking,because of time and complexity in current fabric of given time

  29. I see other dimensions. The most beautiful and amazing things you can possibly see. You can achieve that through the release of DMT naturally (by the pineal gland aka 3rd eye) with meditation. There’s a whole universe right around you all the time that you have no idea exists.

  30. just so everyone does not take this talk as gospel, this is the author's personal theory of quantum physics and is not based on peer-reviewed scientific evidence or research,
    source: description

  31. “ Totally skipped through all that “haha . Dope concept . Explained it well

  32. So could gravity and time dilation, be described as entropy?

  33. I do not think these dimensions do not actually exist yet. And only 4 are needed for us to exist the way we do now. But they will exist because we are building them. Just like we have built the metaverse.

  34. I'm sorry, what?

  35. This is the first useful take on flatland that I have seen. Really incredible. Visionary. It actually makes so much make sense.

  36. We are 3D and haven't met flatlanders even from our vantage. Anyway to describe dimensions without geometry? Without math? Until we can detect it why assume our math means anything?

  37. I guess his lifelong quest to discover extra dimensions is because he's trying to find out where the rest of the letters in his first name went.

  38. Fundamental flaw but only personal assumption. If interspatial and superspatial dimensions are considered together then fundamental x/y/z fall into interspatial and are not exclusive only their own. Therefore we have 6 not 9 spacial dimensions. Perhaps I misunderstood or missed something along the way but I couldn't get past this from the moment you denoted there are Nine. Help me god

  39. 4:30 ahhhh z is always up!!!!! My head hurts so bad now 🙁

  40. Now who would give a public speech in shorts ?

  41. It's always interesting for me to learn something that I could never understand

  42. If you can explain this to a woman you are almost assured to go to bed with her.
    if space is quantized and aether exists then the smallest mass density of space can be calculated. 10^-34 cubed. times the density of aether space.

  43. WTF?
    Zero explanation about anything. Zero attempt at explaining anything.
    Useless….. Total waste of time. Undeserving of a TED talk.

  44. I so wanted to hear more of this, my mind is blown, i won't get much sleep tonight, following this up. Brilliant, thank you.

  45. So Cooool… 👌👌👌

  46. Once again science affirms a better understanding of God's Word.
    Time is a gravitationally variable plane with a beginning and end.
    6 days of creation and eons of time depends on whose clock your using.
    Miracles are inter dimensional interactions we don't comprehend.
    The bible really is a broadband holographic communication from God.

  47. Basically, superspace is constantly expanding so supertime never ends. Hence reality. If we saw every dimension we would be able to project through time and spaces

  48. This and quantum loop gravity are more or less the very theory I came up with 15 years ago.

  49. First came self. Then self created space. With the addition of another self came time as we create reality we both complicate and simplify.

  50. Lol this whole video is made up lies based on made up theories not at all tested. Einstein was the bullshitter of bullshitters. More of his theories have been proven to be wrong than right. Let's not even get on about how he stole most of them. Brainwash propaganda. Two Thumbs down.

  51. How is there a horizon in a 2 dimensional world? Is there a difference between 2 dimensions versus an infinitely smaller 3rd dimension?

  52. Is this about the Northern lights o.O

  53. Love the Jesus walkin sandals bro

  54. In love with this theory already.

  55. Okay this is great, but where are these quanta? Are they smaller than atoms?

  56. the first time I saw the 11th dimensional clip in this talk it annoyed me greatly, upon second time it started appearing clearer, the third time I can start to see the music. Thank you so much for keeping me grounded during this dimension shift! cheers!

  57. Here is How it works :

    What would an All Powerful Being possessing everything need?
    LOVE is the answer
    So SHE does anything
    and each quantum will transform in LOVE
    Via Karma(s) it may take long ( many many Big Bangs) or flashed ( in a nanosecond)
    the result is fantastic
    You ( Reader here ) are HIM / HER
    Even if one Soul per Galaxy succeeds p. year , this is a Giant Stream
    of Love
    Please ask the AI_20/500QUBIT IBM Quantum Computer – It will confirm.
    Even a stone will transform in Love
    There is just no other place to go!

  58. Its like explaining cooler to a cooler blind person

  59. why dont they have 1 hour ted talks we dont want to rush people let the man talk

  60. A 2D plane would be infinitely thin. Even one planck length thick makes it 3d.

  61. My dude had to explain quantum physics and dimensions in ONLY 15 min, no wonder he looked like he was struggling a bit, i wish he had more time (and space :D)

  62. How do we pop ourselves out of our own special kind of Flatland? DMT.

  63. Lol I apologize in advance to all you Thads in the universe but why would u name your kid Thad!?

  64. Only if there is a horn section with the Fifth.

  65. PS It's not like this stuff is in an episode of NOVA, or Buck Rogers In The 25th Century.

  66. This is nonsense. He’s using 3 dimensional space to describe 3 dimensional space. Quantizing space is an arrogant assumption.

  67. Tunning forg is dimensions.

  68. AETHER! Welcome back. We missed you. So gravity is, drag (density), for things moving? Ok, explains it for stuff moving, but what about stationary? Pressure and density? The results would be opposite. Instead of "sinking" we should be floating, no? "We all float down here!"

  69. There are 12, and G-d is in the 13th outside his creation.

  70. Sufi muslim people know realities of world due to their love for Allah

  71. It’s wonderful for TED to bring us such incredible ideas and theories. Cramming an entire theory of everything into 15 minutes still proves to be an impossibility, but that’s the Wonderful thing about this video, because you could take notes of all the things you don’t quite understand and have a list interesting things to YouTube educate yourself on for Years.
    Thank you, Mr. Roberts, for your research and for the Insane amount of energy it must have taken to compose this TEDx talk, and thank you, TED, for a Wealth of things to think about. ❤️

  72. Which dimensions does God interact with the world & which does God refuse to interact with this world?

  73. I believe I more or less understood that. I want more.

  74. Fake news, earth is flat, made by god.

  75. Space cannot be quantized it is an absence a privation. Foolish.

  76. Awesome talk about detention

  77. That thumbnail literally looks like an old Capcom intro

  78. Shorts and sandals at TEDx? 🤦🏻‍♂️

  79. Different Dimensions,Thxs.

  80. Dimensional geometry. I really liked the Flatlander metaphor. What we can see is one thing but what we can understand is another. We are being enlightened. Yay 🌴

  81. Is gravity a dimension? Is there an electromagnetic frequency dimension in those 11 dimensions? wouldn't this also account for the spooky action at a distance that Einstein used to dismiss quantum mechanics?

  82. If we could observe higher dimensions then the evidence of God would be clear !

  83. TEDx be like, yo, maybe this dude is full of empty space…..

  84. Show me Dr. Steve Turley I want to hear some of his videos

  85. Gee, I was really hoping we’d see on screen what 4th dimensions and higher might actually look like. But I guess we don’t know we can’t really even make a picture. I still feel so lost with all this numbers talk.

  86. he said fundamental 28 times

  87. a flatlander would see nothing because a line has zero width

  88. You can't have "parts" of space. Space is an absence of anything.What's a part of nothing?This is mathematical gobbeldygook.

  89. It's time to reconsider Foucault biopower. Anti-psychiatry show us that we may create safe environment for people to explore different mind spaces. I'm not saying that full blown unicorn dragon giraffe anarchy will do any good for functioning, hierarchical, peer reviewed, structures, as collapse of common reality could be desastorous, in a way of dissolving all emerged forms into semi-chaos controlled by sociomanipulation technitians of emotion governance. But we should consider to help create conditions for set of people do discover another realities, especially those that are able to communicate their insights. We should offer them assistance, tools, and help develop their communication skills. Creating programs for such people could harvest data for scientific review and help develop maps, settings, models, psychiatric and epistemic knowlage. Psychonautics are perhaps more important than space exploration and from what we know already, could help to focus on saving what we already have.

  90. I was shocked by the similarity to my own thoughts on the matter but lack the academic background to properly describe the interactions I have visualised, let alone put forth anything resembling evidence.

    I'm sure there are relatively more of us whose minds can present visual simulations that they are in some way unable to convey than those who can comprehend it and also describe it!

    They do so though the vocabulary of mathematics and science which requires evidence and logically viable models – I believe the reason I am not a scientist is the same reason why I cannot describe my thoughts on the matter: I find the topics, concepts and peculiarities of science fascinating but also lack any interest in learning the terminology or in practising the methods its study would necessitate.

    My analogy for what is happening is that science is like a digital, sample-based recording where absolute, specific measurements are taken in a sequential manner; and that what I am doing is feeling what is happening – which I would describe more like an analog recording where the intensities and dynamics at play are of personal, symbolic value but, due to the personal and subjective way feeling is experienced, not immediately useful to others in any immediately practical way.

  91. 4:14 Quantum entanglement explained 😎👍


  93. Wahoo!!! from far, the most interesting explanation of higger dimensions that I ever heard…
    I don't have any idea if it's true or not but it has the merit to be quite more elegante and intuititive.

  94. The reason the one dimension to which spacetime is stretched to is unlabeled is because there is no additional dimension. It is just an attempt to visualise Einsteins concept of spacetime curvature for the layperson, which doesn't occur into aditional dimensions but inside the four dimensional spacetime itself. It is obvious that the presenter has no clue about Einsteins General Theory of Relativity.

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