Dealing with Drought in Ireland

Dealing with Drought in Ireland

The weather so far this year has been really
weird. We had snow in March, and then we had a cold,
long, wet spring, and then suddenly it was warm and dry, with a heatwave thrown in.
Since march, the weather here in Ireland has been quite similar to what I grew up with
in Canada. It’s not bad weather, it’s actually quite
good weather to grow in, and quite enjoyable, but its just different and unexpected, and
that has caused some problems. Ireland is famous for its wet, cool, maritime
climate, it’s what makes everything so green. But for the past 7 weeks, since the middle
of May, the temperatures most days have been significantly above normal, with a break of
about 10 days where there was more normal temperatures.
And there was a few days where the temperatures almost broke record, all-time highs, with
temperatures above 30ºC. I don’t ever remember feeling heat like
that in the 20 years I’ve lived in Ireland. The rainfall during the same period of time
has also been very low. In May, June and July of a typical year, we
would expect an average of about 17-20mm of rain each week.
But, for the last 7 weeks we’ve only received 25mm of rain in total.
Put another way, there’s more than 100mm of rain that we would normally get over that
period of time that hasn’t fallen, and we haven’t had a drop of rain in the last 26
days. It looks like there might be some rain tomorrow,
but it doesn’t look like there’s going to be a lot.
With all of the warm temperatures, and lots of sunlight, and big thirsty plants in the
ground, the time that we need the most water is when we’ve actually had the least.
This is quite an unusual drought for Ireland, and a lot of growers and farmers are really
suffering, and so is the landscape and biodiversity around us. Within the context of many parts of the world,
this is quite normal, and in fact good growing conditions.
But here in Ireland we’re struggling, because it’s outside of the range of what we’ve
come to expect And that’s the critical point, having to deal
with things that we’re not set up for, and it can be quite chaotic and stressful, having
to deal with unexpected pressures, just when our workload is tough enough.
And this is especially an issue when our systems aren’t as resilient as they could be.
There was a fair amount of heat stress in plants in the polytunnel, especially during
the really hot days, and there was also heat stress in some of the plants outside, particularly
the salad crops. And it was difficult to keep enough water
in the potted plants, and seed germination was a bit tricky for some crops.
Other pants did really well during that period, especially the squash, courgettes or zucchini,
and the runner beans, which really like these type of conditions, providing I can keep enough
water in the soil. But it was all a bit much as a grower, with
the heat and the sun being quite overwhelming at times, especially in the polytunnel, and
I really feel for farm workers around the world who have to deal with these kind of
conditions on a regular basis. This kind of heat in a garden is ok, and even
desirable, but water is the key issue, and it’s especially an issue for me on this
site, because of key limitations of the context that I’m in.
The municipal water supply has very low flow and pressure, the result of poor coordination
and planning during the development phase of this community.
There’s obviously some kind of obstruction in the supply pipe, the result of which is
that we only get about 8L a minute of water on the site, less if more people are using
the supply. This is a fixable problem, but not without
digging up the entrance road and laying a whole new section of pipe.
In a typical year this constraint has not been a problem.
It does add a little bit of extra work in the polytunnel, but not enough to really worry
about, and as a result, the problem never got fixed.
But this season it’s been a real problem, with trying to get enough water in the gardens,
as it slows everything down, and it really limits the options, as many sprinklers just
don’t work with this kind of low pressure. I’ve explored a number of different options
on how best to do this, but without rushing out and setting up drip line watering systems
for all of the gardens, I can only really water by hand.
Thankfully, I have a number of large tanks that have been really helpful with this.
So, what I’ve been doing, is setting up the tanks near that garden that needs to be
watered, letting them slowly fill up over time, and then watering quickly by hand using
watering cans. it takes me about 20 minutes to add over 600L
of water to a 100 square meter garden, which equates to about 6mm of rain if it’s spread
out evenly over the whole area. I’ve also started using hoses or pipes to
syphon water from one tank to the next, which means that I can fill up 3 tanks at a time,
which saves time in managing the whole process. And it also means that I can stockpile water
when other people aren’t using the supply, and I can water the gardens when it’s most
convenient for me. But, it’s still taking up a lot of my time,
as I’m trying to water each of the six outside gardens at least twice a week, in addition
to the regular watering that I need to do in the polytunnel.
This means that I’ve been spending about 7 hours a week watering all the gardens, or
about one hour a week for each of the family scale gardens outside.
In comparison, last year I spent on average, only 4 hours over the entire season watering
each of these gardens, and most of this was to keep recently sown seedbeds moist, or to
help transplants, or while liquid feeding. I’ve added more water in the last three
weeks to each of these gardens, than I would normally add over an entire growing season. Of course, all of this has an impact, as I
don’t really have time for a lot of the other tasks, and it’s already been an extra
busy season. As a result, I’m struggling to keep up with
some of the sowings that I’ve planned, and I’ve delayed sowing some crops that would
need some extra care and attention, and I’ve abandoned others.
In addition, some of the plants that have been growing in the garden are maturing faster
than expected, or bolting, and I don’t have transplants ready to fill the space when they’re
pulled out. And it’s a bit disconcerting seeing empty
beds in the garden in the middle of the summer. I’ve been practicing a type of triage, letting
go of some crops, and focusing on the crops that will do a lot better with some care and
attention, and trying to fit everything else in when I have the time.
It could be a really good growing season, especially for the crops that I can keep strong
and healthy with enough water and fertility. It might be the best crop of squash that I’ve
ever grown, which is a plant that I normally have a lot of trouble growing this climate. In addition to keeping up with day to day
tasks, I’ve also been looking at how things can be made easier in the future, and replacing
the pipe for the municipal water supply is a big part of this.
I’ve also been exploring options for installing a pump and pipes to bring water from another
well, which is about 400m away from the gardens. This will reduce dependency on the municipal
water supply, which is treated, and can be expensive, and could be restricted at some
point in the future. Then, with decent water pressure and supply,
I could invest in sprinkler systems, and even lay out drip line watering systems in all
the gardens outside. Catching rainfall water would be an option,
but there’s an issue about how much can be realistically stored and for how long.
i could also work to build the soil organic matter and apply mulches, and use a lot of
other techniques that are useful in growing in dry climates, which often don’t make
a lot of sense here in Ireland. I could also invest in shade cloths, to protect
seedlings and transplants from the strong sun and heat, and I could even put in ventilation
fans into the polytunnel. But all of this is infrastructure, with associated
costs and embedded energy, and equipment that needs to be maintained and materials that
need to be stored. And it only really makes sense for me to acquire
this stuff if I think I’m going to need it again, and it’s kind of crazy to think
that I would use any of this stuff in Ireland. So, getting the water pipe replaced makes
a lot of sense, for a number of different reasons, but everything else depends on the
likelihood of these dry conditions happening again in the near future.
If I believed that the climate was broadly stable, or changing only very slowly, then
I might deduce that these extreme conditions are only at the outer edge of what would be
considered a normal range, and therefore unlikely to happen again for a number of years, or
decades. In which case, it doesn’t make a lot of
sense to make these kinds of investments or changes, as I would assume that weather next
year and the year after that would be closer to the normal range.
But, that’s not what I believe, as I trust the climate science for the most part, and
believe that the climate is shifting, and possibly faster than the climate models have
forecasted. And some of these models have indicated that
we should expect more of the types of weather that we’ve already experienced this year,
with wet, stormy winters and dry summers. In which case, I should expect that these
hot dry conditions will happen more frequently in the near future, and I should start investing
in the infrastructure and start planning for the possibilities that these unusual growing
conditions may actually become typical or normal.
But, of course, there’s no guarantee, as seasonal weather is very different from long
term climate trends averaged over many years, and next year, we might have a cool growing
season with way too much rain. This RED Gardens Project is an independent,
citizen-led research and development project, focused on trying to help people to grow more
food for themselves and others. The only funding I get is through the sale
of surplus vegetables to my neighbours, teaching an occasional course, but mainly through this
YouTube Channel. As I want to avoid sponsorship, and would
prefer to limit ads as much as I can, I’ve set up a Patreon Page, to try to raise funds
from people around the world who want to support me in the work that I do, or at least want
to encourage me to produce more videos. A link to my Patreon page can be found here
or in the description below, and I’ve produced a short video explaining how Patreon works,
and why I’ve chosen it as a platform, which you can find here, or again in the description
below. It would be really cool if you could support
me in this great adventure, but most importantly, thanks for watching.

Comments (72)

  1. We're having the same problem over here in Sweden. I feel your pain! Where I live we've had maybe 20 mm of rain (barely an inch) over the last three months. Even with high soil organic carbon and wood chip mulch there's only so long a plot of land can be farmed without water being replenished. The result of that is that we've had to water our allotment every other day on plants that are still getting established or just germinating. We also water as much in one week this summer as we did in the entire growing season last year. There is also a severe lack of food for livestock this year, with grasslands all but turned to desert.

  2. the weather this year is strange indeed. we had a very dry and hot spring in germany

  3. Terrible drought here in southern Germany too! Luckily, this year I have mid early potatoes on about half of my garden beds, they are getting ready to harvest now and won't need any more water. The onions are out of the ground too. Since I depend on my low supply of collected rainwater, I won't replant the beds until the rains return. Gardening in 30°C is no fun anyway. We have had frequent droughts in the last couple of years, none as heavy as this one though. Out of the last four years about three had a period of drought. Climate is not to be confused with weather, but changing weather patterns often indicate that the overall climate is about to change.

  4. Hi from Wexford…. it actually rained last night here… about 2mm
    Who would have thought we'd be crying out for rain in Ireland

  5. East coast of Scotland, weeks of no rain finally Wednesday night and Sunday night we got rain.
    The heat has been unbearable. Lawns turning brown and clay soil flying off as dust in the wind if disturbed.

  6. Same problem in Denmark, where we and the farmers usually complain about too much water during summer. I've been wondering if a maze of swales (meaning ditches dug following a contour-line with a level floor. ) can accumulate precipitation to help keep the soil beneath moist for a longer time into a drought.

    If the first rain after this massive drought is a downpour with high volume of water released relatively quickly, the droughtridden soil will not be ablle to absorb it and may even wash away with the ensuing floodings. Again, swales may help reducing the risk of erosion of the top soil. Geoff Lawton and other pioneers have gained great results in reversing desertification using swales. There are many utubes on the subject. I think it can also be used in preventing desertification, as the moisture managed correctly can serve a buffer towards the extremes of both too much rain and too little. In Denmark conventional farming just drains their fields into natural streams using dug-in drainpipes, to let go of it as fast as possible. When they need water they expect to be able to just pull it out of the ground thanks to the huge aquifers in the underground. It is not sustainable for a number of reasons, but that is why I think of swales as an integral part of farming and gardening landscapes. Even in localities which are relatively flat and contourlines are almost imperceptible. In mountainous, hilly landscapes the contourline determines where the swale goes. But in a flat landscape we may shape the swales more to our structural and architectural needs, letting the levelled-out floor do the job. Deciding the depth of the levelled floor-level is of importance in order to distribute water according to needs. Owerflow of low-level swale into a deeper level swale. Each locality can be very diffent looking as seen from the outside, but based on the same basic principles. Im not talking big swales, small hand-dug ones can be very efficient. (EdibleAcres spend a lot of time on this part of his gardening practises.

    A note of causion: After this hot summer we must expect the storms of the autumn to be at least as powerfull as last season, which means high winds and an exceptional high amount of precipitation in a very short while, maybe not only one but several hurrycanes turning towards eastern Atlantic. So what is lost this summer should be turned into water-and-wind-resilience-management. And the time not spent harvesting should be spent on preparing the tunnels and other structures on the comming onslaught. Tie everyting down as the arctic explorers do, they bring tunnelshaped tents with them, as they are areodynamically best suited for high winds. So i guess for a relative small penny you can enhance your tunnels probability to withstand the winds.

  7. Seeing which infrastructure can apply to both extremes is a good idea I think, windbreaks, perhaps an area dedicated to pure green manure or hay production. I'm sure there are quite a few.

  8. Im from qld Australia, sooo i know perspective is important here but i cant help but say, 30° and dry, thats cute. But i can appretiate its very strange for somewhere traditionally cold and wet.

  9. hi (again) .. take a look at this..
    Very low pressure soaker hose.. I live over in Spain and coupled with a good thick leyer of mulch, I think this way of irrigation is the way to go.. Fill your deposits, put on a small inline filter, a timer if wanted and away you go.. some of these hoses can also be buried in the soil. Also a very good grey water irrigation option.

  10. In Bristol, I have a 1.5m^2 bed with a 6 inch mulch of rotted cow manure with 4 squash plants in it, and is still moist when I stick my finger in it. Next year I will cover my plot in the stuff, it is expensive and hard work in the winter, but a lot easier than watering every few days.

  11. I feel ur pain from Texas lad hahaha if I don't water every 24 hrs my garden is DEAD, and this year had definitely been the worst.

  12. Interesting video – is there any way you can sink your own bore near your garden? Given your normally wetter climate, do you think you may have any quality underground aquifers? If you are right and this pattern becomes established, perhaps a bore could really help. As you say, it might change next year, but mid to long term water will be an issue.

  13. Well put! I enjoy your videos so much! Do you have any suggestions for chronic Blossom end rot in my squash and tomatoes? I always add egg shells to the soil and add compost each year. i bought some calcium foiliar spray, applied a mix and then read an article where it said that calcium can't be uptaken by a foliar application. So I guess I will drench the roots next week. My ph is in the 7 range so I don't want to add lime. I'm thinking gypsum. But do I add it during the growing season or wait until the fall?

  14. We've had similar weather in Denmark – it reminds my much of a Mediterrean summer like that of Southern Italy with almost no precipitation during the summer, heat and abundant sunshine and a very dry and dusty landscape- it is just too much now. I like the weather but I know that there is price to pay with this severe drought. My soil is very similar to yours and so far is has done outstanding in keeping the crops well supplied with water but the soil water reservoir is about to empty soon.

    Actually, this weather make me appreciate the normal mediocre summer weather here in Denmark, so thats another positive thing about this extreme weather

  15. Always a good idea to increase soil carbon.

  16. Re: drip systems in black pipe in full sun – they turn into radiators I assume? (I use watering cans personally in a small garden).

    Water butts and catching rainfall doesn't sound so bad, I guess if you know how much water you put per day per m^2? I think I use about half a litre per square metre personally so one 200l butt per 10 square meter would last a month?

  17. Same thing in Sweden, it's terrible.

  18. Here in Southeastern Idaho, we just expect drought conditions. My rain barrels can both fill up in just hours, but I am not expecting any more rain. So I use city water. There is an 8" well pipe on the property, and the water table is just eight feet down! I used a massive irrigation pump to draw the water down, and it replenished quickly. I thought of buying a hand pump, similar to the kind you find in campgrounds in the US, but smaller, from a store that caters to the Amish, and with pipe included it would cost less than €85. I also have a four valve drip irrigation timer with the valves set up, but that hasn't been functional for a few years. I guess I am cheap and lazy! But my garden is small: five tomatoes, three eggplants, seven peppers, four zucchinis (two too many!), five cucumbers (too many!), some beans, and some small plantings of beets and kohlrabi. There are also herbs and flowers to be watered. But everything is within spitting distance, so hand watering is not all that tiring.

    Oh, and if you want some zucchini, just come on by!

  19. always great to hear from you, I feel your pain in the watering, I have never had to go out so much to water. No rain for 3 weeks now

  20. Hi from Maine! I came home to a dry well for our home. We use a sand point well (just a pipe hammered into the sand beneath our basement). Thank goodness there's a stream out back!

  21. Here in manitoba we have had an exceptionally dry year. With more 30 plus days in the last month then the last 2 years combined.
    That and wind. It has been exceptionally windy. Never had this much wind damage but this is only my 3rd year gardening

  22. I'm in the east of England, normally the driest region. So far this year, our climate this year is very similar to yours, maybe slightly hotter because of the south facing aspect and the traditional very windy winters means everyone has tall hedges as windbreaks.
    We are having to do more watering, but we haven't lost anything yet directly. Lots of the salad and brassicas grow and bolt. At least the neighbours chickens enjoy them.

    Our beds are all raised and we practice no-dig along the lines of Charles Dowding. The usual claimed benefits – very low weeds, mostly healthy vigorous plants. This I think helps them cope better with the much lower rainfall – none here for a very long time. The meteo keeps promising wet tomorrow, or the day after, but as the time approaches, the prospect and chance diminishes. Our rain gauge has been empty for 7 or 8 weeks.

    The heat and sun would have been nice earlier, for the asparagus. Just now, like you we have a reasonable level of cucumbers, especially the round yellow ones. The green outdoor ones will explode soon. The courgettes and dwarf french beans are producing wildly.

    Here's to rain, and best wishes, Nick

  23. Horses and sheep gonna be hungry this winter

  24. If you do start using that local well, consider building a large storage tank on top of the mound.

  25. same heat and dry weather problem here too in Quebec Canada

  26. Struggled up here in Fermanagh with 48 degrees in the tunnels

  27. about 80% is lost to leaks because a f..ked up government wasting money setting up a water company, for the same money could have put in new pipes and not water company office staff

  28. We've also had 2 summers like this in the past 4 years in Canada – I am just starting a small farm and I am setting up large Ruth Stout beds (hay mulch) by scything our fields and laying down. It is hard work, but I anticipate it will pay off in the future if these trends continue.

  29. Set up rain barrels to harvest when it does rain.Connect multiples together so one flows into another. Mulch heavily around plant. Dig swales around your plant patches to hold water and leech out water when needed. Good luck

  30. ha ha they don't tell you that the earth is breaking up ….. end of a cycle start again … say good bye. …

  31. I love your logical philosophy.

  32. We all have to plant more trees, please look at this chanell, Colette also lives in Ireland….

  33. well, here in Terceira island we are having the same problem… we are used to lot of rain just like you we are in the middle of the Atlantic but this year its been crazy. No rain at all for weeks and when it comes its just too weak!

  34. Deserts are expanding and there is no place that the climate is getting better for precipitation. This you will not get from your news feed.This time it's the opposite of Operation Popeye. The elites' investors say water is the new oil. The petrochemical corporations and agrochemical are polluting what is there. Only commercial agrochemical farming is possible with the new climate control. When the reservoirs get low they will dump silver iodide and charge the clouds for floods, otherwise herbicide will be used on the atmospheric ice nucleating microbes ( pseudomonas syringae) to prevent adequate precipitation.

  35. same problem where i am as well. just need a good couple days of solid rain.

  36. It's cool to see the plants perk up when you water them on time-lapse at 4:20.

  37. I'm in the Netherlands. My vegetable garden has dried out now, there's not enough water and there is nothing I can do about it. Gives me time to spend my days in a different way though: crying mostly, hahah, no seriously, it's horrible. There is 2 weeks of heat wave to come still and no rain. The Veluwe looks like a desert, trees are dying and animals are hungry. I hope this is just a one-year extreme. Wish you all the best with your gardens, I can't send you money because I have none but hopefully there will be rain soon.

  38. Here in Ohio I mulch my gardens with a heavy coat of straw. It retains moisture during the heat as well as helping keep the soil temperature even. I'm sure you have considered this option, I can get by with one deep watering a week this way, even in the midwestern U.S. heat. Those curcubits do love the heat, good luck dealing with all those zucchini.

  39. We are in the middle of a fire ban in Ontario . Now it has started raining today but we need two to three days of a good rain to lift the fire ban .

  40. Strange weather, I´m from Oporto and this month was the most cloudy even though didn´t rain at all, and cooler about from 30´s years ago. I think the guilty is the eastern North Atlantic where the
    sub-tropical Azorean anticyclone mainly determine the predominant weather condition.

  41. Climate models and science ? Let's dive into some of those 'science' methods…

  42. No rain where i live in Denmark for almost 2 months.

  43. Why would you make a video about watering your garden during the day when there is a ban on using hose pipes??. Honestly all you need is to collect grey water during the winter and stop breaking the law…

  44. I don't know what area you are in but there is a ban in the Republic and I'm petty sure there is one in NI. Yes the law is a bit ambiguous however you are not a comercial business so you are not suppose to use a hosepipe. Which you are doing. You are also asked to water your garden at night with a watering can. This is to maximise the cooling of your plants as watering during the day can burn your plants/crops over 26 degrees. While it is admirable that you are growing your own food, the ban is in place because water is essential to human life and lack of rain in ireland means that people could be face personal shortages in the next few weeks. Esentially you are putting your garden over the needs of a house and that is not in the spirit of the ban.. unfortunately you are civicilly bound to follow the law for the greater good. Moreover you are watering during the day and publishing your work. This raises a larger question as to why you don't understand the need to save water when the reservoirs are so low. Perhaps this unprecedented event is difficult to take seriously on an island..

    In terms of grey water, you can get creative making your drain pipes a reservoir. If you spend about 100 euro on containers you could collect plenty of water… depending on your containers you could easily be ready for a similar summer in 2019… Plants and crops prefer rain water anyway… I do not intend to critise your efforts in growing food , I recommend that you go on pinterest and find some alternatives to collecting grey water. I wish you well and I hope your garden gets some rain soon.

  45. Ok red garden, you have explained that you live in an area that can cope with such vast amounts of water being used in your veg garden. I still question this and would need evidence to prove you live in an area not affected by the drought . When you say you are a small scale commercial enterprise does that mean you pay water rates to the council? Which is the law in ireland, unless you own the well on your land. It sounds to me as you are not aware that you are breaking the law and whilst there are nuances in the hose pipe ban you can not claim selling veg is your lively hood unless you are paying tax on your produce and rates on the 600 liters of water.. in terms of making educational videos for the public, demonstrating watering your crops during the day is not good practice during the day as you agree… not being aware that you shoud be paying for the water and not knowing the law on this tricky subject is really misguiding the audience. You haven't studied the hose pipe ban, you haven't explained in the video how you justify your use and you are actively encouraging people to fund your operations which demonstrates bad practice and disregard for resource of water for your own profit. I believe you dont intentionally mean to do this… however someone has to point out to you that industry pays for water and during a hose pipe ban you are expected to not use water unnecessarily.

  46. Hi where do you buy most of your seeds for the garden

  47. Climate change is progressing at an alarming rate. Because large forces of energy interaction is happening at a faster rate and intensity, it is difficult to ascertain how climate will change. In fact, scientifically it is possible for the environment to change so drastically that all complex life form would go into extinction. By simply applying the fundamental law of physics, it is certain is that global temperature will continue to rise. But it will not be possible for scientist to determine the rate at which climate change will occur and how heat will be distributed. It is too complex.

    In my opinion, I do not think it is wise to believe that climate will revert back to the norm. Measures should be taken to develop more resilent farming techniques. The Isrealis has develop pretty resilient farming tech.

  48. Idk wtf is wrong with ireland

  49. U idiot, you tried to escape climate change by going onto the land with a permaculture strategy. Now climate change has chased you to your land and it's going to cause you to fail.

  50. Summer 2013 and summer 1995 were extremely hot in Ireland. Maybe do a little research clown

  51. research the GRAND SOLAR MINIMUM, youtube John L Casey, its world wide, and its going to last a long time

  52. I lived with my cousins in Ireland the entire summer of 1976 and it was even worse.

  53. Near-term human extinction due to abrupt, anthropogenic climate collapse is assured, quantifiable, verifiable and exponential. I don't really care if you laugh at me because soon we will all be gone. Heatwaves, droughts, wildfires, our ability to grow grain at scale, economic collapse, social breakdown, resource wars, power collapse, nuclear instability, blue ocean arctic event (next year), 7.6 billion people consuming what the planet cannot produce, methane burps, CO2 increase, water vapour increase, ocean acidification, planckton die-off, sixth mass extinction event, death of bees etc. You can add your own favourites to this short list. Then do the math.

  54. Terrible drought in Australian winter too

  55. shifting weather paradigms are new for many of us.. don't delay, research and make the changes starting today! good luck! thank you for sharing your videos.

  56. Its weather manipulation guys…HAARP…CHEMTRAILS…….they dont like your global outlook or folks are setting up to gain from stocks that are weather dependent

  57. Just a suggestion, but I like the way Dowding converts a garbage can to help fill watering cans faster.

    You could fill the large can by walking away for a half hour or so, then come back or put a valve like a toilet tank to shut off. I've been meaning to do this myself. Dowding is using rain water I think though. Cheers and many good wishes.

    Oh damn, I wrote all that above before I saw your super clever ideas! Your tanks also slightly warm the water and the plants like that.

  58. It will be interesting to see what the next few summers are like.

  59. Elevated tank with solar powered relay pump. Then you could have the supply and psi you need?

  60. In Nova Scotia we had a dry summer too. Seems the rain holds back during growing season. This fall and winter we have had plenty rain. I am thinking of using a lot of mulch next year to hold moisture in the soil and setting up rain barrels.

  61. You can thank the spraying. Rain drops CANNOT get past the metallic sprays. What it does is force the raindrops to squeeze apart and fall to pieces.

  62. Tree rings on old growth wood tells the story of long term weather patterns – in some ways better than weather models do.

  63. Drought in Ireland? Has the world gone mad?

  64. In MN we no longer say global warming. Now it's "global WIERDING".

    Dought and floods will come again. To develop resiliency, you might need to build reservoirs. Perhaps your local farmers group could pitch in to rent a backhoe to dig ponds to capture excess rainwater. You get flood prevention & water security for the long term, ducks for meat and eggs, fish!

    On the micro, individual level, gutters on homes can redirect water and ice melt to rain barrels which can provide water. Activated charcoal filters help remove roof dust. You covered a lot of other things individuals can do.

    Your neighbors might also be concerned and starting the discussion about improved village infrastructure seems wise, while the stress if this drought is fresh in people's minds.

  65. dry in spring summer fall solution dig down big sticks/ logs in the bed. helps a lot keep moisture relly well

  66. Place chewed branches on the soil around the plants about 10cm keeping the moisture in the soil

  67. This is a year after the posting, but you need to become aware of the GSM. It will make the weather worse each season until the long winter sets in. Then if you have not prepared it's too late. I'm a proponent of Aquaponics. It uses less than 10% of ground crop water. Fish and feed produce the nutrients for the plants and the plants clean the water. Crops grow 3 times faster and are high quality in taste and nutrition. And can be grown year round. Current global harvests are way below normal, and planting has yet to be started in much of America. Rationing has started, and civil unrest is near. Make a plan to survive. Think TWD.

  68. Is it possible to apply for intern or just help on the RED gardens? Kind regards.

  69. Oh wow I knew I heard an Irish twang to your voice when I watched the video on fertility bombs

  70. Rain barrels would definitely help, even for storing extra water from other seasons where it's not needed. If you want to set this up, see if any neighbors or locals have any metal or plastic barrels that they recycle. For keeping the water clean, you can use UV light in the bucket or some bleach (I think 2 drops per L). If you use bleach you can let it sit in the open air buckets you have to let the bleach evaporate out before you use it

  71. You always grow veg or do other things before for living? Sorry my eanglish … thks

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