32 Ways School 100 Years Ago Was Different

32 Ways School 100 Years Ago Was Different

Did you know that a hundred years ago
mills and factories in the U.S. operated their own schools? Hi, I’m Erin McCarthy,
editor-in-chief of Mental At the time many kids had jobs ,whether on
family farms or with those companies. This meant that regular 8 a.m. to 3 p.m.
school hours weren’t always a thing. Some children attended elementary and
high school at night. In certain cities it was mandatory to provide night
school for children. And that’s the first of many ways school was different a
hundred years ago in the U.S. than I’m going to share with you today. Probably most Americans you know have
attended school, but a hundred years ago that was not as common of an experience.
In fact, in 1900 just 51 percent of people between the ages of five and
nineteen were enrolled in school. That changed quickly, becoming 75% by 1940,
likely due to many factors, including education reform and child labor laws.
There have been what are essentially high schools in the U.S. ever since what’s
now known as the Boston Latin School was founded in 1635, but high school
attendance was particularly low a hundred years ago. In 1900 about eleven
percent of 14 to 17 year olds attended high school and by 1920 things hadn’t
changed much. According to an analysis done by the National Center for
Education Statistics, the median years of school completed by persons aged 25 and
over at that time was 8.2 years. In rural areas in the U.S. there was usually a
single school with a single room where one teacher handled every kid in grades
1 through 8. They set in order of age, with the youngest up front and the
oldest in the back. Cities had bigger schools, with multiple classrooms. As I
mentioned earlier, work had a big impact on school days. It also affected the
length of the school year. Nowadays, most states require a minimum of 180 days of
instruction per year in public schools, but in 1905 the average school had just
151 days. And children typically missed more days of school back then, too. The
average student attended only a hundred and six days per year.
Kids who worked on farms, in particular, took a lot of absences. They would
usually take the spring and autumn off to work. And maybe that wasn’t so
terrible. In the 1900s it wasn’t unusual for teachers to dole out corporal
punishment. The Board of Education in Franklin, Ohio laid out its rules in 1883,
which included this: “Pupils may be detained at any recess or not exceeding
15 minutes after the hour for closing the afternoon session, when the teacher
deemed such detention necessary for the commitment of lessons or for the
enforcement of discipline. Whenever it shall become necessary for teachers to
resort to corporal punishment, the same shall not be inflicted upon head or
hands of the pupil. Other school systems allowed teachers more freedom. They were
known to hit students’ knuckles with a ruler, along with conducting other
physical forms of punishment, like having a child write a single phrase over and
over again. One way to potentially end up on the receiving end of corporal
punishment? Being left handed. For decades into the 20th century, many educators
believe that lefties exhibited more mental and cognitive disabilities and
attempted to train them into right-handedness. Methods to achieve this
included tying up a student’s left hand to immobilize it and outright
humiliating students who refused to make the switch. Thanks to EmilyExplosion27
for the suggestion and to educational experts, who now disfavor training left
handedness out of students. And then of course there was the infamous dunce cap…which was real. If a child got in trouble, a teacher would put a pointy cap
on their head (which according to nineteenth-century accounts occasionally
featured bells to add extra shame) and then have them sit in the corner of the
room. There are people who remember it still being used as a punishment well
into the 1950s. It’s commonly reported that the dunce cap came from John Duns
Scotus, a religious philosopher born in the 13th century. He gained a following of
people who would come to be called dunces and supposedly wore pointy hats. Scotus
thought that the hats allowed for knowledge to be funneled into the brain,
but eventually his teachings fell out of favor and both the word and the cap took
on a negative connotation. Sadly, evidence for this theory about the
origin of the hats is lacking. Around 1919, about 84 percent of teachers were
women. Compare that with the Year 1800, when 90% of teachers were men. It became
a career path primarily for women when public education boomed during the mid
1800s. Basically, education reformers wanted to show that the system could be
cheap, so they filled the new teaching jobs with women who were paid much less
than men. It’s important to note here that school looked very different
depending on who you were. Girls and boys did not receive the same education. Girls
were pushed towards home economics and other classes that focused on domestic
skills, and in some places girls weren’t even allowed to enter school through the
same door as boys. More starkly, schools were racially segregated. The ones that
white children attended were much better funded than the schools for black
children, which often used old books and supplies that white schools had gotten
rid of. Teachers in the two systems experienced a major pay disparity. In
1954 segregation of schools was ruled unconstitutional, but true equity remains
a vexing problem for education reformers today. During the late 19th and early
20th centuries children and classrooms were beginning to learn and recite the
Pledge of Allegiance, which was written by a man named Francis Bellamy when he
worked in a magazine marketing department in 1892. The original words
were simply, “I pledge allegiance to my flag and the Republic for which it
stands; one nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”
A lot of what kids were expected to do in the classroom was just
memorize things. In every subject, from writing to arithmetic, the expectation
was that students would memorize and recite the important components of the
lessons. Homework mostly entailed practicing that memorization. Here’s a
selection from McGuffey’s Eclectic Readers, a textbook that was often
memorized at the time. “This is a fat hen. The hen has a nest in the box. She has
eggs in the nest. A cat sees the nest and can get the eggs.” This feels like slander
against cats, frankly. They’d be more interested in the hen. Anyway, by 1919
that teaching style was starting to become less of a staple. During the late
19th century and early 20th century the progressive education movement was
underway, and it was led by reformers like John Dewey and Ella Flagg Young. As
the first female superintendent of the school system in a major American city (Chicago), Young focused on teacher training and empowerment, in addition to
her writings on educational theory. These philosophers and educators encouraged a
shift in focus, from forcing children to memorize to empowering them with more
options. They wanted the classroom to be communal
and democratic, rather than all about a teacher up front telling kids what to do.
Although their vision never fully became a reality, schools did implement parts of
it. One interesting attempt occurred in Gary, Indiana where schools were turned
into microcosms of communities. Students were expected to apply the practical
skills they were learning to help keep schools running. This could include
cooking and serving food to their classmates, building their own desks or
even handling plumbing and electrical work in school buildings (with
supervision, of course)>Speaking of hands-on activities, we’ve
had music in the classroom for many year. Public schools had music classes,
usually teaching music theory, singing or instruments. This meant that teachers
also had to learn music as part of their training. Luckily for the eardrums of
early twentieth-century parents, the recorder didn’t become the standard
starter instrument for students until the mid 20th century.
Okay, who’s heard of Fifty Nifty United States? Well kids in 1919 weren’t singing
that, of course, because it wasn’t written until the 1960s. But they were singing
songs like A Cat Land Law, Looby Looby Song of the Noisy Children and Dollies’
Washing Day. By the way, my elementary school music teacher made us sing pretty
standard songs, like Fifty Nifty—which I can still do—along with some head
scratchers, like Billy Don’t Be a Hero, Both Sides Now, and Send in the Clowns—
because what nine-year-old doesn’t love wistful explorations of lost love? Leave
the weird songs you sang in school in the
comments. Even a hundred years ago kids couldn’t escape gym class, which was
sometimes called physical culture. German gymnastics and Swedish gymnastics were
two of the most popular styles of P.E., or P.C., used at the time. The former involved lifting weights, using balance beams climbing ladders and ropes, and doing
some cardio, like running. The Swedish style sometimes made use of similar
equipment, but was more focused on simple, whole body exercises, and had a more
organized method, with adults delivering instructions, going from easy movements
to challenging ones over the course of the class. As the 20th century began, gym
classes also started incorporating lessons on hygiene and health. Recess did
exist at this time, and had since the 1800s, though unfortunately little
research has been done into its history. We do know that by 1919 many popular
playground games have been invented, like jacks, Red Rover, hopscotch and kickball.
Kickball was actually just emerging in the U.S., coming out of Cincinnati in
1917. As the 19th century was ending, some school lunch programs were beginning in
cities like Philadelphia and Boston. By the early 1920s many schools had
followed suit and provided hot food, like soups. I would be remiss if I didn’t
mention this, because my mother and I still talk about it all the time, but
once she sent me to school with a peanut butter and carrot sandwich for lunch. *Jon (off screen): That’s negligent* Back-to-school shopping was a thing in
the early 20th century, but it wasn’t quite like what we have today. No visits
to Target and no Minions backpacks or Trapper Keepers. One 1924 ad from a
Montana store urged parents to let kids do the shopping themselves, saying, quote,
“Train the children to do their own buying economically and in good taste.
They are safe to shop here because we will make exchanges or refund their
money if their selections are not entirely approved at home.” The supplies
they were buying were certainly different. Kids in classrooms did most of
their work with a slate and a piece of chalk because paper and ink were
expensive. There was typically a blackboard in the front of the room, as
well. Blackboards began to be manufactured around the 1840s. Scottish
teacher James Pillans is often cited as the inventor of the blackboard. In the
early 1800s he supposedly connected a bunch of individual slates together to
make one big enough for the maps in his geography classes. As you’re probably
gathering, kids back in the day didn’t have it easy. I, for one, have no interest
in Swedish gymnastics. One other thing that wasn’t as easy as it is for most
kids today was getting to school. Transportation to school wasn’t
standardized, though it does seem like an awful lot of our grandparents had the
same five mile walk to school, in the snow, uphill both ways. Kids
were expected to get to school by any means possible, which could mean hitching
a ride on a wagon, carriage or cart. The modern idea of school buses started
emerging in the first decades of the 20th century and by the early 1930s
there were around sixty three thousand of them in the United States. And finally, a
hundred years ago it was sometimes illegal to learn another language in
school. For example, Nebraska passed a law in 1919 that meant that no one could
learn a foreign language in school before they, quote, “successfully passed
the eighth grade.” Iowa had a similar law, and because World
War one had just ended even states without English-only laws on the books
removed German classes from their schools. In 1923 the Supreme Court ruled
that these laws were unconstitutional. Our next episode is about the etymology
of words and phrases from Harry Potter, so pop your favorite Potter spell in the
comments and we’ll break it down in our September 18th video. Subscribe here so
you don’t miss it, and we’ll see you muggles then!

Comments (100)

  1. I took you more seriously before i started staring down those nostrils.

  2. We sang lots of songs in Elementary School…though the most notable one was when I was in 5th grade and one of the teachers taught us all to sing "Bad Bad Leroy Brown" We had to say 'darn' instead of 'damn' and we didn't completely understand all the lyrics, but we had a good time singing it at least. Pretty sure we sang it during one of our musical performances for our parents the school seemed obsessed with putting on every year. That and "Yellow Submarine".

  3. Im left handed I feel I'm above the norm of academia

  4. As a 70's kid, I can remember hearing "We don't need no education" in a next-door schoolroom (that song was "Another Brick in the Wall, Part 2") . That "part-time" school, by the way, was for kids with minor handicaps. Thank goodness mine wasn't as bad as most students who were A LOT WORSE and gave teachers a hard time (I would hear phrases like: "Get off of me!" "I'll break your neck!" "Let me go!" "Sit properly!" "[Student's Name] go sit a minute!" "One… TWO… [long pause] THREE!"). Fond memories, eh? 😁 Outside of those stupid things, there were fun times that I enjoyed (with those who were NOT in big trouble). I'm one of the best, to be honest. I've overcome most of my minor handicaps and eventually got a couple of college degrees.

  5. I've never heard of "Fifty Nifty" before, lol. Also, we were still saying the Pledge in the 80s. We sang High Hopes, Ragg Mopp, and of course Xmas songs plus O Hannukah every December.

  6. I second grade we always sang a patriotic song after the pledge like "My country Tis of Thee" or "Grand Ole Flag" . My grew up in New Orleans they didn't have school buses school kids just rode the street car or city bus.

  7. My sister had a teacher who tried to "train" her not to use her left hand until we complained about it and the principal told the teacher she had to stop.

  8. my old school had girls and boys doors. we didn’t use them like that, but the old signs were still there.

  9. My dad, born in 1934 in rural Mississippi, started first grade at age four. He earned a Bachelor's and a Master's degrees, as well as a doctorate. As for music, I remember singing "Age of Aquarius" and "Tumbling Tumbleweeds" in Phoenix, Arizona, circa 1970.

  10. I remember The Gettysburg Address put to music in the fifth grade. In general, I walked to school. I don't remember busses, but there probably were, for some schools.

  11. I remember singing "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean", "Turkey in the Straw" and "Guess What I Saw At The Zoo Today". There were many others I don't recall.

  12. Cute kitty pictures!

  13. We sang "Dixie Land" in school. Although I lived in Ca. at the time and had no idea what or where Dixie Land was.

  14. trusting children to go but their own supplies unsupervised at a store… Maybe its just me… but that made me cringe…

  15. The song I liked singing as a kid was leaving ol texas… and deep in the heart of texas… I bet you can't guess where I was raised (thats a joke).

  16. I just remember that our teacher made us sing a bunch of songs with curse words awkwardly censored/replaced

  17. In elementary we sang “This land Is Your Land”

  18. My favorite Potter spell was always 'Nox' I just liked the way it sounded. But the unforgivable curses are always interestingly aweful

  19. I’ve always loved the wordplay in Harry Potter. Diagon Alley (diagonally) and the Mirror of Erised (Desire) are two of my favorite examples!

  20. In my head I was thinking before the video started "Hi I'm John Green welcome to my salon and this is Mental Floss. Did you know _____" instead.

  21. In preschool I was trained out of being left handed. I still remember getting time out for "holding the scissors wrong."

    I'm a college freshman now, so this is still probably going on in some places. Also, my mom and my girlfriend are both lefties.

  22. We sang Puff the Magic Dragon, This Land is Your Land, and I'm Leaving on a Jetplane. I still remember how all of them go. ^^

  23. We sang Puff the Magic Dragon, This Land is Your Land, and I'm Leaving on a Jetplane. I still remember how all of them go. ^^

  24. In grade school, we sang the Tetris theme song. The teacher didn't know it was the Tetris theme, but I sure did. "Treasures have I in my korobushka…" I think it was called "The Peddler."

  25. As a Canadian, we sang "God Save the Queen" every morning after the national anthem.

  26. Thank you for not bouncing your hands!!!!!!! 🙌

  27. I would love to know where the three forbidden (imperius, cruciatus, and avada kedavra) curses got their names. Also I would love to know if the names of people like Albus Dumbledore or Bellatrix Lestrange have any meaning.

  28. in elementary choir we sang good morning starshine from hair. this was the 70s but still.. nibby nabba nooby, sibby sabba sooby, la la la, lo lo. there’s just no good that can come from that

  29. Fifteen Years on The Erie Canal.

  30. I wasn't alive 100 years ago.

  31. All the spells are Latin or Anglicized Latin because it's English wizards casting spells in English, and since Latin is a dead language, it offers the same benefits to codification it offers the sciences.

    The words are a memory trick to tap into the parts of their brains needed to focus whatever they need to focus to cast the spells.

    The waving of a wand is a similar trick, connecting muscle memory to the memory of the feelings necessary to cast the spells.

    Sometimes you need a specific thing to channel the magic through, and sometimes that thing needs to be magic itself. Sometimes a wand is both those things.

    It's why dungeons and dragons uses Vocal, Somatic (hand movement), and Material components. There's a fourth component, that no one mentions until it's missing, and that's time.

    All of this put together is what lends gravity to wandless, completely unaided, BIG magic. The level of competency needed to do big stuff is beyond most people. But some folks are gifted in flashy ways, while others have equivalent or even greater power different scales.

    The gifted herbologist grows the best portion ingredients needed to cure an Auror that was cursed but would go on to heal and catch the villain that hurt him and uncover some dangerous magical mcguffin that grows plants.

    The best magic is when you find friends that make you feel that way all the time, no matter what.

    It's a god awful cliche, but I stand by what I said.

  32. Old Kookaburra
    Angeline (old Czech folk song)
    Señor Don Gato
    Ice Castles
    The Wind Beneath my Wings
    The Rose

    I still deeply hate the last three.

  33. In elementary school, we had to learn how to play Sakura (the Japanese classical piece) on at least one instrument (kiddie instruments like hand bells) and sing it in Japanese and English.

    And then, having been in school in 2001, we did a LOT of patriotic songs all of a sudden.

  34. rictum sempra and sectum sempra

  35. Wait I thought my text books were from 100 years ago

  36. I remember having to sing "Wind Beneath My Wings" by Bette Midler

  37. I only distinctly remember being taught a whole song about making a bowl of jello in early elementary school…I don't know what educational value that had, but sometimes I'll wake up at 4 in the morning with it randomly stuck in my head

  38. Wadiwasi🧙‍♂️✨

  39. 3rd grade in 1960. My favorite song was The Ants Go Marching, which is very long. In 6th grade we sang Hay Ho, Nobody Home and Celito Linda. In 8th grade I received 3 whacks with a paddle on my posterior for refusing to do what a teacher told me to do because, he would not tell why I had to do it.

  40. I sang my bonnie lies over the ocean as a vocal exercise! Please cover the dark mark spell morsmordre

  41. Did you go to a hippy school?

  42. What do Americans do in gym then?

  43. The best Harry Potter spell? Well.. that has to be the completely underused Flipendo spell..

  44. I remember singing "Sabinchen war ein Frauenzimmer" in third or fourth grade, but only because the song is so messed up. It's about a maid, being killed by an alcoholic shoemaker, because he stole silverware from her employers and she was upset about it. The moral of the story? Do not trust shoemakers. Wtf.

  45. we still have the blackboard… its only us?:))

  46. American school busses seem dumb to me. Implement more rural busses. Helps everyone commute, not just children. (from an American)

  47. We sang "Bad, bad Leroy Brown" in fifth and sixth grade music classes. It was a class favorite, which gives you an idea how old I am.

  48. Women in the past were also expecting to be maintained by men. Their duty for hundreds years was to clean the house and make babies.

  49. The happy days theme

  50. Songs I sang as a kid in school in New Zealand: fish and chips (yeah!), ma is white (a Māori colour song), school is number one, Alice the camel, Oma Rapeti (in Māori) , Tutira mai nga iwi (also Māori), and few more I can remember parts of something about a hamburger and a fly, and one a keas ripping of window wipers rubber….

  51. Obviously the most metal spell is sectumsempra.

  52. Too much unnecessary yapping. Be more concise.

  53. My friend went to a catholic preschool and they tired her left hand to the desk. All that did was make her ambidextrous.

  54. In elementary school in the mid to late 90s, I sang a song called “channel surfing” about watching tv! It had lyrics like “I turned on the tube to the favorite show. Come on everybody let the good times roll,” and “Friends, Frasier, ER, don’t forget MTV,” “Seinfeld, Simpsons, Melrose place. Daytime talk shows in your face!” I can’t find this song online. Anyone else remember it?

  55. I left school in 1990, Corporal Punishment had only just been banned in public schools but I was in private school where your parents consented in the contract to allow corporal punishment…. I often got what we called "shots", which was a small leather strap across both hands 5 times each. Hurt like a b….

  56. We sang Michael Row Your Boat Ashore.

  57. On corporal punishment. It still happens in the rural US, with regularity. I have been beaten, more than a few times, just because I knew the people involved in the infraction. I didn't even know and was never told, why I was being beaten. I just was. That was in grade school (grades K-4) Later, in high school (grades 9-12) I was also beaten, just for not doing enough push-ups and also, again, for being too near an actual problem. I witnessed a teacher literally lift a young boy off of the floor with his impact of a "spank". We also used to have a, teacher enforced, rule that if you did too much, you'd be spanked with an electric paddle. It was just a normal paddle (as if that should be a thing) with a cord duct taped to it. I, to be honest, have an extreme tolerance for pain because of crap like this. Thanks?

  58. You pretend like the things you say in this video are outdated and that nobody uses them. You are SO WRONG in that. I can't even tell you how wrong you are. Please, for the love of all that is holy, ask people from rural areas. This happens all of the time.

  59. A song with all the prepositions to the tune of "Yankee Doodle Dandee"

  60. Writing a single phrase over and over again isn't from one hundred years ago. I'm 34 and I remember doing that in third grade.

  61. I remember reading the script book for the first Fantastic Beasts movie and noticing that the spell Newt uses to shatter the window to the jewelry store that the Niffler is pilfering is "Finestra," which is literally just the Italian word for window. I like to imagine Italian wizards shattering glass every time someone mentions a window.

  62. I like mental floss and find it enlightening, but I hope they will review this video more closely. I could give 32 examples of biased leading reports of facts. This lady probably paid to be on their platform for future monies.

  63. We sang (and danced) the Macarena lol. Also sang quite a bit of Queen and Elton John.

  64. The language bit got me. It really explains why so few Americans speak a second language fluently. Even though these laws don't exist anymore, the culture persists.

  65. Expecto patronum! Does hogwarts mean something, other then describing pig skin?

  66. Anyone else feel Erin shoveling her political views / agenda down your throat?

  67. All government schools should be privatized, and a full-ride scholarship should be given to the bottom half. State funding per pupil to government schools is actually more than the average private school tuition, yet private schools have better results. Homeschooling is even better. Government schooling is a failed social experiment.

  68. I had to wear a dunce cap in 4th grade for a day, for talking to someone who asked me about my leather loop belt, in 1973!

  69. My dad (born in 1972) quit school in the sixth grade. My mom (born in 1974) quit high school on three separate occasions. Once in 10th, 11th, and 12th grade.

    It’s truly a miracle my two brothers and I ever graduated (2011, 2013, and 2016). And now my middle brother is getting ready to graduate from college in the spring. ❤️

  70. The two songs I remember most are one called "Senor Don Gato" about a cat (obviously) who is in love with a pretty lady cat but falls from the roof and dies (only temporarily though. After all, it was a kids song.) There was one other that for the life of me I can't recall it's name, about the solar system. I've looked up SO many iterations of the few lines I remember (First comes the sun, the center of the solar system…. it gives us heat and light. It's mostly made, of hydrogen and helium, something is what makes it burn so bright. Solar system, something something something….. making up our cosmic stew.) But I can't find it ANYWHERE and I've been trying to find it again for 10 YEARS! off and on. (Graduated in 06', I think we sang it around 1998-2000? If that helps anyone willing to help me.)

  71. Please do something else with your hands. It is so repetative, distracting and annoying that it makes it impossible to enjoy the videos.

  72. When I was in junior high in the 1950's, we had separate entrances for girls and boys. I wouldn't be surprised if they share locker rooms now.

  73. In middle school I did walk to school up hill both ways. They weren't that steep though. It was something that I didn't realise though until college.

  74. We sang the likes of " Yankee Doodle" and "To Dream The Impossible Dream" in the school choir, but we also sang really weird songs in class sometimes. The only ones I can remember was a song about brushing your teeth at every hour and the following:

    "Down by the bay, where the watermelons grow,
    Back to my home I dare not go
    For if I do, my mother will say,
    (followed by something ridiculous like)
    Have you ever seen a llama, wearing pajamas
    Down by the bay"

  75. Number 23, "Billy Don't Be A Hero" is a protest song against the Vietnam War. The ending, where the girl trashes the letter from the government commending the now-dead Billy for his heroism, is a classic mic-drop from that era.

  76. You are a very good presenter, please do more hosting!

  77. We sang "Go tell Aunt Rhody" Six-year-old me found a song about a dead goose a bit disturbing.

  78. "I for one have NOOO interest in gymnastics". Lol…. Obviously

  79. My most distinct memory of a song learned in Elementary school is when we learned "God Bless the USA" by Lee Greenwood, mostly because it had that awkward 1 beat rest that tripped up so many small elementary school students who didn't quite have a grasp on music theory yet.

  80. Yep, there were assorted types of shaming and physical abuse used as punishments as recently as the 1980s. Dark times, those were.

  81. Catholic schools still beat lefties.

  82. Peanut-butter and carrot sandwich….

  83. In grade school and junior high we sang pop songs of the '70s. One song I remember that was strange was the theme from M*A*S*H. The name was, "Suicide is painless."
    I guess kids were tougher in the 1970s.

  84. You make it sound like physical education is a waste of time. I think it needs to be a bigger focus, along with parents and teachers giving their children good eating and hygiene habits. Obesity is a huge health threat to our country.

  85. My Grandma told me how she was beaten for writing with her left hand. Oh and wingaurdia leviosum

  86. The "T-Rex hands" way she presents makes me crazy. Do something else with your hands! Ask Hank Green what to do. The T-Rex hands thing is distracting.

  87. "The caissons go rolling along"…and "Some one stole the cookie from the cookie jar", terrible choices for Grade 6 music class, in 1984!

  88. It surprises me how recent the left hand thing was done. My boss, who is 37, had this happen to him and as a result can write with both hands, but still prefers his left hand.

    I was taught the "Utah Train Song" in which you name all the counties in Utah. I still remember it.

    Edit: I had to sing it just to reassure myself that I still did. 😋

  89. I still remember some color spelling songs from kindergarten. R-E-D red R-E-D red, I can spell 'red', I can spell 'red', fire trucks are red, stop signs are red too. R-E-D…R-E-D

    One for all the primary and secondary colors.

  90. Now I'm wondering which section of the Constitution prohibits laws that say a student needs to learn English before another language.

  91. A lot of these sound like 1980s Australia

  92. "dr pepper be a pepper things go better with a coke, father ray you'll hear him say you got the right one baby now 300million bucks a year spent bending one or both your ears on the tube or in the air there's advertisements everywhere" who else learned this one? Remember that from 5th grade! bout 20yrs ago…wew

  93. Missouri went to hours instead of days for their school year

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